Difference between JPG and PNG | Image Format

Difference between JPG and PNG

Difference between JPG and PNG | There are several image formats that you can use to save image files, you can use JPG, PNG, JPEG, SVG, or GIF. This extension has several differences. In this article I will review the differences between JPG and PNG.

JPG format allows you to choose how much you compress the image from 0% (heavy compression) to 100% (no compression). As with JPGs, PNG lets you create images with millions of colors, but also offers transparency capabilities. Because PNG is a lossless file format, files saved in this format tend to be larger.

Each image format can be categorized as “lossy” or “lossless“, and most of these terms are self-explanatory. Lossy compression reduces file size by permanently deleting information about the file, making it smaller but also lowering its quality. Lossless compression it simply rearranges the data in such a way that it takes up less space but can be packaged and unpacked without damaging the files.

There are also the terms raster and vector in image formats. Raster is basically a grid of colored pixels that makes up an image. JPG, PNG, GIF, TIFF, and most other photo files are rasterized. The only information they have is the color of the pixels, so enlarging or stretching them will usually only result in a more pixelated image.

and terms vector designed to scale forever. SWF, EPS, and PDF files store images not as pixels, but as mathematical equations that can be translated as points and lines. Images can be as large or as small as you need without taking a quality hit, but this extension is unusual on the Web because vectors are not as easily compatible as raster images.

Joint Photographic Experts Group (JPEG)

Difference between JPG and PNG-1

JPEG files are named after the group that made them up and dominate the world of web images because of their almost universal compatibility and small size. Your eye may not be able to distinguish a lightly compressed JPEG from a high-quality image without a few seconds of scrutiny, and it loads quickly, so it’s good enough for most of the Web.

Good for: put photos on the Web, save and send thumbnail sizes, general use, print images.

Portable Network Graphics (PNG)

Difference between JPG and PNG-2

This format has become the choice for high-quality web graphics, especially if you need a transparent background. PNG was originally designed as an alternative to GIF, but supports more colors and is more flexible about transparency settings. File sizes are generally larger than GIF or JPEG, but PNG retains better quality and is more flexible.

You can also run PNG-8 and PNG-24 in some programs. It will still be exported as a plain PNG, but PNG-8 only supports 256 colors and does not allow partial transparency, giving you a smaller file size than the full-featured PNG-24.

Good for: web graphics, high quality photos where size is not an issue, transparency.

Graphical Interchange Format (GIF)

Difference between JPG and PNG-3

The predecessor of PNG, the GIF format is now most famous for allowing short video loops which you can watch on social media. GIF only supports 256 colors, which makes it a poor choice for high-quality photos, but the compression is so good that it can reduce the size of a simple image without high-quality hits. Pixels can also be made transparent.

Good for: simple graphics, animations, icons.

Tagged Image File Format (TIFF)

Difference between JPG and PNG-4

You may not be very familiar with this TIFF extension, but if you like photography or working with print media, you might recognize it as a large, but high-quality, format that publishers often prefer. Also, there’s no arguing about pronunciation.

Good for: print high-quality photos, scan high-quality images, whatever size doesn’t matter.

Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG)

Difference between JPG and PNG-5

If you ever try to save image from Internet and get option “save as a webpage“, instead of “Save as..” You’ve probably seen SVGs. These are probably the most widely supported vector graphics out there, and their ability to maintain good quality and scalability at small file sizes makes them popular for logos, site graphics, and anywhere else. where vectors come in handy.

Good for: business graphics, scalable graphics, logos.

Red Thread | There cannot be one format to set them all, because different fields have different drawing requirements. Common internet browsers don’t have to think about JPEG and PNG (and possibly WebP and HEIC in the future), but for business and publishing applications, having options like TIFF and SVG is the best choice.