Difference between Quarantine and Isolation

difference between quarantine and isolation

The difference between Quarantine and Isolation is that Quarantine means the separation or restriction of movement of healthy people who are in contact with infectious diseases, while Isolation is the separation of sick people who are infected with infectious diseases.

The word quarantine is the separation of people who have been in contact with an infectious disease to see if they show symptoms later in life or not. On the other hand, isolation is the separation of sick people who are exposed to infectious diseases. So, quarantine separates healthy people, while isolation separates sick people from healthy people.

Quarantine is done to check whether healthy people are sick or not. On the other hand, isolation is done to avoid other people from infection. Therefore, a quarantined person may or may not fall ill, while an isolated person always catches the disease. So, quarantine is not a routine procedure. This is done when a large group of people is known to be affected by some disease. On the other hand, isolation is a routine job in hospitals to avoid disease outbreaks.

Quarantine can be voluntary to avoid other people from being infected, and such quarantine is known as self-quarantine. In addition, it can also be authorized by the government in the event of a health emergency or disease outbreak. On the other hand, voluntary isolation is called self-isolation, in which the patient separates himself to avoid the other from the disease. The government may also have the authority to separate such patients.

Definition of Quarantine

Quarantine is the separation of a group of people who have come into contact with an infectious disease to see if they show symptoms later in life or not and to avoid further spread. The word ‘Quarantine’ is derived from the Italian word ‘quarantina,’ which means a period of forty days as it evolved from quaranta, which means “forty.” The use of the word ‘Quarantine’ began around 1600. At that time, a 40-day restriction was imposed on ships suspected of carrying infectious diseases. This practice was very common to avoid the plague in Venice.

So, quarantine involves separating healthy people to see if they are sick or not. This is not a routine procedure but is done when a large group of people are known to be affected by some disease. If a person himself chooses quarantine to avoid others from being infected, then this type of quarantine is known as self-quarantine. In addition, it can also be authorized by the government in the event of a health emergency or disease outbreak.

Quarantine is enforced when there are sufficient resources to care for the quarantined person, to maintain quarantine, and to provide essential services.

Quarantine Control Strategy:

  1. Short term confinement
  2. Travel restrictions of people who may be affected
  3. Restrictions on entering and leaving certain areas
  4. Public event restrictions
  5. Mass transit system cancellation
  6. Stop public gathering
  7. Closing of public areas

Definition of Isolation

Isolation is the separation of sick people who are exposed to a contagious disease to avoid others. This word ‘isolation’ has the same origin as the word ‘isolation,’ that is, the Latin word insulātus, meaning “made into an island,” because of the word ‘insula,’ which means “island.” The history of this word dates back to 1825 to 1835.

Isolation always separates sick people from healthy people to avoid them from infection. It is routine work in hospitals to avoid disease outbreaks. Patients affected by infectious diseases are treated separately in hospitals with special precautions to avoid spreading. A person who chooses himself for isolation is called self-isolation. The government also has the authority to separate these patients.

Difference Between Quarantine and Isolation

  • Separation of a group of people who are in contact with an infectious disease to see if they show symptoms later in life or not and to avoid spread is known as quarantine. On the other hand, the separation of sick people who are infected with a contagious disease to prevent others from contracting it is known as isolation.
  • Use of the word ‘Quarantine‘ started around 1600 to avoid the plague. On the other hand, the history of the word ‘isolation‘ dates from 1825 to 1835.
  • The word ‘Quarantine’ comes from the Italian word ‘quarantine,’ meaning a forty day period as it evolved from Quaranta, which means “forty.” On the other hand, the word ‘isolation‘ has the same origin as the word ‘isolation,’ that is, the Latin word insulātuswhich means “made into an island,” because of the word ‘insula,’ which means “island.”
  • Quarantine involves separating healthy people. On the other hand, isolation always separates the sick from the healthy.
  • Quarantine is done to check whether healthy people become sick or not and to avoid spreading the disease. On the other hand, isolation is done to avoid other people from infection.
  • Quarantined people may or may not be sick; on the other hand, isolated people always get sick.
  • Quarantine is not a routine procedure but is carried out when a large group of people is known to be exposed to some disease. On the other hand, isolation is routine work in hospitals to avoid disease outbreaks.
  • Voluntary quarantine to avoid other people from infection is known as self-quarantine; on the other hand, voluntary isolation is called self-isolation.

Conclusion

The article above summarizes that quarantine is the separation of a group of people who are exposed to an infectious disease to see if they are exposed or not and to avoid further spread. On the other hand, isolation is the separation of people who are affected by a disease to avoid spreading the disease.