Difference between Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park

difference between wildlife sanctuaries and national parks

The difference between a Wildlife Sanctuary and a National Park is that a Wildlife Sanctuary is a declared area that is responsible for the protection of certain wild species, whereas a National Park is a government managed area which is concerned with the safety and also the development of all types of wildlife.

Wildlife is a primary natural heritage, worldwide. Industrialization and continuous deforestation have become a threat of extinction for wildlife.

A Wildlife Sanctuary is a relatively small piece of land under a few experts who are concerned with the rehabilitation of wild living creatures, while a National Park is a large area which is supervised and organized by the government for the protection and development of all endangered species including ancient objects as well.

The Wildlife Sanctuary only maintains rare species of wild animals and birds and provides them with a suitable and hygienic environment. On the other hand, National Parks preserve all wild species that are rare, unique items and anticipate them with natural habitats that are close enough to make their existence and grow larger.

In general, the public is allowed for tourism and other purposes in the Wildlife Sanctuary, but ordinary people are not allowed to enter the National Park. No specific boundary line was found in the Wildlife Sanctuary, while the government imposed strict limits for National Parks.

What is a Wildlife Sanctuary?

Wildlife Sanctuary is a natural area or place under a private or government organization that preserves rare animals, reptiles, insects and birds, etc., especially those that are threatened or endangered. It can also be considered an artificially managed zone to protect wild creatures from being hunted and abused. There are no strict limits recognized by the government or organizations.

People can visit for entertainment or any other purpose, but hunting for animals is completely prohibited. No individual permit is required to enter the Wildlife Sanctuary for research or recreational purposes.

The aim of the Wildlife Sanctuary is to reduce the risk of extinction of wild creatures and provide them with a safe and healthy environment. There are many Wildlife Sanctuaries in different parts of the world.

At the Wildlife Sanctuary, the animals are treated in the best possible way. Animal testing is prohibited in the Wildlife Sanctuary. Parts or products such as milk, eggs, etc. From non-commercial animals. The animals can feel protective and the environment is like their home. One of the important purposes of the sanctuary is to educate the people. They work to change human thinking and the way animals are treated.

The management of the sanctuary is just as important as its development. They hire guards or guards who fill up gas around the area. They work to protect animals from preempting and harassing the environment.

What is a National Park?

National Parks are large areas that are under strict government control to protect and develop all flora and fauna, historical objects, and rare items. It mainly provides all wild plants, animals, birds and reptiles with natural habitats that are free from human influence so that they can live and interbreed freely in nature.

Every day people are not allowed to enter the National Park because this area has high reliability. Only experts or professionals are allowed to enter or make any changes for developmental purposes. National parks are physically fenced and guarded. There are many National Parks owned and regulated by governments in various countries around the world.

National Parks protect not only wildlife but also heritage resources, by not harming them, which will entertain people in the future. Any action that can create a stressful environment for the species is prohibited – the economy of the country is improving, which has more National Parks. Tourism improves the economic status of the country. Staff are hired for animal supervision and conservation.

Difference Between Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park

The points given below explain the difference between a wildlife sanctuary and a national park:

  1. A wildlife sanctuary can be understood as an area where wild animals and their habitats are protected from any disturbance. On the other hand, a national park is an area specifically designated for wildlife, where they can live freely and use natural resources.
  2. Wildlife Sanctuaries are famous for wildlife conservation, which includes animals, insects, microorganisms, birds, etc. Of various genes and species. On the other hand, National Parks are very famous for preserving flora, fauna, landscapes and historical objects.
  3. Wildlife Sanctuaries aim to ensure that large populations of wildlife and their habitats are maintained. In contrast, National Parks protect the region’s environmental, scenic and cultural heritage.
  4. Wildlife Sanctuaries protect native wildlife from abuse, while National Parks protect and also play a role in the development of wild species.
  5. Wildlife Sanctuaries are relatively small areas, while National Parks cover a large area to provide natural habitat for wild organisms.
  6. The ownership of Wildlife Sanctuaries may be under government or private organizations, but National Parks are always under government control.
  7. No strict restrictions were found outside of the Wildlife Sanctuary. On the other hand, a fence under high securities surrounds the National Park.
  8. Human activities are allowed to some extent in the Wildlife Sanctuary on the other hand. No such action is permitted in the National Park.


Wildlife Sanctuaries protect wildlife and allow the public to visit with less restrictions while protecting National Parks and ensuring the bloom of all wild species with high limits and no public access at all.

Wildlife sanctuaries and National Parks are favorite tourist spots for nature lovers. Most of the national parks were originally wildlife sanctuaries, which were later upgraded to national parks.