Differences in Culture and Civilization

differences in culture and civilization

Differences in Culture and Civilization. | A culture usually exists within a civilization. In this sense, each civilization can contain not one but several cultures. Comparing cultures and civilizations is like showing the differences between a language and the country in which it is spoken.

Culture can exist in itself whereas civilization cannot be called civilization if it does not have a certain culture. This is like asking how a nation can live alone without using communication media. Therefore, a civilization would be empty if it had no culture, no matter how small it was.

Have you ever wondered why a person who is poor and shabby dressed is considered uncivilized, even though he may be the most cultured person and a person who wears sophisticated clothes is called civilized, but may not have any sense of culture?

Culture is everything about human society, i.e. it refers to the knowledge and characteristics of a particular group of people living in an area. On the other hand, civilization is a breakthrough of human society which means that civilization is an advanced level of social and human development.

Although civilization itself is not a culture, the object of any civilization may have a cultural aspect. Culture alone cannot find expression without the medium, and civilization becomes the medium of its expression. Therefore, all human achievements tend to proceed by judgment and not by mere utility or urgency.

People often confuse the terms culture and civilization and end up using them synonymously. Read this presented article to the end so that you have a deeper understanding of the difference between culture and civilization.

Definition of Culture

The term ‘culture’ is of Latin origin from the world of ‘cultus’, which refers to cultivating or improving something, in such a way as to give it admiration and respect. In more subtle terms, culture is the way people live, reflected in the language they speak, the food they eat, the clothes they wear, and the Diety they follow or worship. It expresses the way a person thinks and does things.

In other words, culture is a set of knowledge, experiences and behaviors that are generally shared by a group of people. It is something that a person gains through learning.

Culture includes art, knowledge, beliefs, customs, traditions, morals, festivals, values, attitudes, habits and so on that are inherited by a person as a member of society. It is everything; an individual achieves as a member of a social group. It can be seen in literature, music, dance forms, religious practices, styles of dress, dietary habits, ways of greeting others, recreation and pleasure. Different cultures can be found in different places, as they vary from one region to another.

Definition of Civilization

Civilization is described as the process of civilization or let’s say developing human society, to the extent that culture, industry, technology, government, etc. reach the maximum level. The term ‘civilization’ comes from the Latin term ‘civis’ which denotes ‘a person who lives in a city’.

The term ‘civilization’ is not confined to cities; rather it talks about adopting a better way of life, and making the best possible use of natural resources to meet the needs of groups of people. Furthermore, it emphasizes on systematizing society into various groups that work collectively and continuously to improve the quality of life, regarding food, education, clothing, communication, transportation, and the like.

Key Differences Between Culture and Civilization

The following points are noteworthy as far as the difference between culture and civilization is concerned:

  • The term ‘culture’ refers to the embodiment of the way we think, behave and act. On the contrary, the stage of improvement of human society, in which its members have quite a lot of organization and social and political development is called Civilization.
  • Our culture describes who we are, but our civilization describes what we have or what we use.
  • Culture is the goal; does not have a standard of measurement. In contrast, civilization has a precise standard of measurement, because it is a means.
  • Certain regional cultures can be reflected in religion, art, dance, literature, customs, morals, music, philosophy, etc. On the other hand, civilization is shown in the laws, administration, infrastructure, architecture, social arrangements, etc. of the area.
  • Culture shows the greatest degree of inner refinement, as well as internal. In contrast to civilization that is external, namely the embodiment of technology, products, devices, sophisticated infrastructure and so on.
  • Changes in culture are observed with time, as in old thoughts and traditions which are lost with the passage of time and new ones are added to them which are then transmitted from one generation to another. On the other hand, civilization continues to advance, that is, various elements of civilization such as means of transportation, communication, etc. are developing day by day.
  • Culture can thrive and thrive, even if civilization does not exist. On the other hand, civilization cannot grow and exist without culture.

Red Thread | Therefore, one should not confuse culture for civilization. However, both are created by humans and express the way we live our lives. They give us ideas, ideals, values ​​and ways to live a decent and luxurious life.